Elias Mechael Salameh
University of Jordan
Musa Shteiwi
University of Jordan

UNESCO International Centre for Water Security and Sustainable Management (i-WSSM), 125, Yuseong-daero 1689 Beon-gil, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

To secure water resources and achieve their continuous flow in arid and semi-arid areas of the globe is a highly challenging task
because one is dealing with the “Management of Scarcity” threatened by droughts, climate changes, population growth, water
quality deterioration, trans-boundary water bodies and social and political detriments. Therefore, solutions must be innovative,
very strict and governed by laws and regulations applied equally to all stakeholders. Jordan, in addition to having characteristics
of arid and semi-arid countries, since 1948, it has been affected by very strong refugee waves from Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq
and Syria among others and hence its water situation has been throughout very critical. But, sound strict laws and by laws and
implementation of adequate water security programs allowed the country to survive and to control its very scarce water resources
in an exemplary way that can be applied also elsewhere. In the current work the water security issues in Jordan are addressed and
the programs, action plans and measures to achieve water security are discussed.

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